Abarth the firm based in the well-known Italian city of Turin. Representatives of this company let out the models on the basis of the cars FIAT, having held on in the market is rather short all for 22 years, with 1949 on 1971.
The founder of the company Carlo Abart, the racer and the designer at one time working in the Porsche company, representing its interests in Italy. Model 1100 constructed by it it is independent, allowed to gain 18 victories. Wide practical experience allowed to reach a set of successes in this field. In 1950 the car gathering speed in 190 km/h was let out. Its main features streamline shapes and small weight. On the following unit which was published in 1956, many records were established. Engine displacement of the car made 750 cubic centimetres.
In 1961 of Abarth and FIAT firm agreed about delivery of not fully completed cars, that is FIAT should send mechanisms, and already Abarth undertook to complete them at discretion. Systems of braking, cooling, carburettors and an exhaust system were subject to completion. The first model, light as a result of cooperation, Abarth became left. It is the sports car which basis was the chassis 600. Engine displacement was increased. In other models the water radiator was provided. Abarth Corsa, Abarth Nurburgring are concrete racing updatings. The maximum speed of a car made 178 km/h.
The Abarth-595 model is rather known in the automobile world. It was let out in 1963, and on the appearance bore a faint resemblance to the Zaporozhets. It is the compact minicar which has become rather popular because it was very similar to FIAT 500, and it is similar a complete set which is rather quite good those years. The car price involved also. Its engine was developed in several updatings: diameter of the piston and compression differed. All these parametres were increased by some orders. Underwent changes and a cam-shaft. It is possible to tell that Abarth reaped the fruits of another's success, however, without forgetting to introduce the technical innovations thus.
So, for example, the case at the engine of the car was made of aluminium. And replacement of the carburettor allowed to increase unit capacity: now it could gather speed to 130 km/h. For those times it was rather quite good achievement. Updating of the SS car had in a resource of 32 forces. This two-doors sedan with a mechanical transmission held on in the market a little, however, made the significant contribution to motor industry history. The main achievement of engineers cars were not heavy and easily gathered speed. Many models were ready samples for production, and became popular even abroad.
The Abarth 207A model was let out to subdue the American market. Engine capacity of this car made 66 "horses", the car was capable to reach speeds in 186 km/h. On it the emphasis in the course of production also became. In this case speed worked as advertising, testifying to high quality of production. Blowing about the inconceivable achievements in this area, Carlo Abart successfully sold the goods. In 1965 engine capacity reached one litre. The Abarth model rustled in all races. The considerable contribution to history of the company was brought by Frenchmen (SIMCA). Modifying their car, Abart designed a two-litre compartment of SIMCA-Abarth.
With Carlo Abart's leaving, main "brain" of the company, on the deserved rest, in firm did not remain the leader therefore on August 1, 1971 it was a part of FIAT corporation.1 - 31
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