Holden is an emblem of allegedly strong car which was nearly 70 years "number 1" in Australia. Many years ago, in 1885 Daimler created the first crew equipped with the motor, having become a stumbling block in development of automobile production, soon it opened shorno-saddle production in Adelaide, Australia. James Alexander Holden based by the British immigrant in 1856, small firm passed through a number of partnership, changing the profile in process. Production was engaged in small repair of an upholstery of the car and began production of cowls of cars and lateral blinds.
Research activity of the company lasted till 1913 when the Holden shop started making bodies for motorized carriages. Thus, Holden's Motor Body Builders Ltd, or HMBB, again appeared in 1919. Activity of the company again extended before production of various types of bodies according to forms of the chassis of various foreign producers, such as Chevrolet. GM which already seized the Chevrolet company and started opening of branches worldwide, noticed business of Holden and bought it in 1931. Since then Holden was part of GM, being renamed into GM Holden Ltd.
The Australian company on production of cars was big investment, and soon turned into the main producer of Australia. After merge of Holden to the American automotive industry, the last was convinced by the Australian government of creation of "car native". In response to these requirements model 48/215 was let out in 1948. Chevy based on design, with the 2,1-liter engine of the average size, the car was strange for any whimsical mechanic. But it was reliable and rather powerful, and instantly became the favourite.
Its superiority was threatened by competition growth, but it managed to hold the top positions during the whole that time. Futility of efforts of competitors allowed Holden to concentrate on development of new models and to reach new tops. Some cars, such as Kingswood and Ute, were let out and exported to New Zealand, South Africa and Indonesia, among other where they were on sale under the Chevy brand.
In the seventies Holden let out various models based on Vauxhall cars, including popular Tonara which was replaced with model of the average Camira size subsequently. On a twist of fate, Camira became inspiration for later Vauxhall models - Cavalier.
In the eighties the government carried out restructuring of automobile branch which allowed local producers to exchange ideas of new models. After the conclusion of the contract with the Japanese producer of Nissan and creation of joint venture (UAAI) with Toyota, Holden started selling the renamed Nissan Pulsar, Toyota Camry and Corolla versions.
Holden kept these models in production till 90th years when UAAI, Australian Automobile Industries, was destroyed. Subsequently, Holden relied on GM and started making cars, having inspired by the GM models.1 - 50 | 51 - 100 | 101 - 150 | 151 - 200 | 201 - 250 | 251 - 297
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