Distinction between Russians and Americans that Americans study on the mistakes, and we don't. To take even military operations in Vietnam: when it terminated, the country undertook carrying out concrete reform as regards army. All began to change - completing of army by individual structure, also refused a compulsory military service, there were requirements, both to flight, and to fighting qualities of aircraft. The Automobile AM General M151 SUV thought more over Willys model originated from World War II. To the middle of the seventieth "Willis" didn't suit military: passability, capacity, loading capacity, also protection of crew very much suffered and if to speak more precisely, it it wasn't simple.
In 1979 competition of the Pentagon, on the project of the fluent SUV was open for army, part was taken by the organizations of the USA and other countries. The history of creation of the car Hammer began in 1979. In July the AM General Corporation company the American supplier of equipment for army, started creation of the project of the SUV. At that time AM General entered American Motors, making civil equipment under the AMC and Jeep brand. The project was named by HMMWV. The name was quite long and difficult on it engineers thought up the name on more simply - "Humvee"
In July, 1980, the first prototype was directed to test to Nevada where there are most confidential bases of the USA and where samples of military equipment pass a test.
In too time together with the SUV there were testing a fighter F-117A, the V-2 bomber, created them according to the Stealth program. The first stage of testing consisted of selection of the best cars, 12 months later the special technical commission of the USA declared such verdict: contracts for production of parties of SUVs receive AM General, Teledyne, General Dynamics. Final duel will take place in April, 1982.
AM General provided eleven "Humvee" for five months full use of army and the fleet, a task testing this SUV there was an ode: to kill to the technician. Prototypes passed millions of kilometers on sand, on bogs, on snow and even mountains, them subjected to sharp jumps of temperatures, long water to procedures and chemical influence. The end was delivered to testing on the twenty second of March, 1983, the contract of the American army with AM General for production and delivery of fifty five thousand of "Humvee" in the next five years was signed. The sum under the contract made $1.2 billion that was an unconditional record for all history of cooperation of military with suppliers of transport. Addition to the contract was that the American army in any of five stipulated years can order still the same quantity of equipment. Through a small amount of time of AM General accepted in a row on production 15 thousand more SUVs that increased the contract sum to $1.6 billion. Let's count wholesale price of one SUV - it was in borders of $21000 - $23000.
April, 1983 of AM General began to convert own personal plant in Mishavake, into release of the car, and in few months AMS corporation sold it to military-industrial plant LTV Corporation. A mass production of AM General M998 ("Humvee"), I began in January, 1985, and in September the 1st lot of cars came to the 9th motorized infantry division of the American army.
In a family of history of creation of the car Hummer, in abbreviated form – Hamvi, is available fifteen kinds of transport with the general chassis, the engine and transmission. And that all this variety consists on the interchangeable and easily disaggregated details which quantity is 44 is especially important. And so, Hamvi can give the name of the designer for uncles with a deviation to military subject - for example, the two-door lorry by means of a small tool kit, is designed in mobile command unit, and also it is a lot of in what another. And this not only practical use, but also considerable economy of money. Military gave the name M998 - "unlimited", meaning that on the car a large number of various tools, such as a 7.62-millimetric machine vgun, the anti-tank missile system TOW is established (abbr. from Tube launched, Optically tracked, and Wire). Hamv is issued in armor option, irreplaceable for patrol in places with a critical situation. At Hamvi a lot more other advantages are had, but we won't consider them.
Among owners Hummer meets many known names. Such as: Ted Turner, Kulio, Arnold Schwarzenegger, Lens Henriksen, Lorenzo Lamas and also once famous Emsi Hammer. In the spring of 1999 there was more advanced HUMMER together with ABS and also electronic ASR system (TorqTrac4) of a.5-liter turbodiesel.1 - 29
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