The British firm Swallow Sidecar (SS) founded by Sir Lyons William and Sir Walmsley William in 1922 laid the foundation to new brand in the market of prestigious cars — Jaguar. However originally SS let out carriages for motorcycles which were insufficiently demanded. In 1931 on London Motor Show there was the first model of the SS — SS1 coupe car. The body of a car had smooth low lines and a long cowl, characteristic for the French cars of that time. SS 1 looked for ?1,000, however its price was much lower — ?310. In July, 1933 the first car of the company with open top — SS1 Tourer was presented. On it Swallow Sidecar for the first time took part in sports competitions (1933, Alpine Trial) and in 1934 won in a team competition.
In the same time there is a compartment of SS100 externally very similar to SS90. The 2663 cm3 advanced engine, with an effective power of 104 h.p. became the main difference of the new car. Gross weight of the car with the driver reached 2800 pounds, and SS100 gathered the speed of 50 miles/hour for only 8.8 sec. The reminding Bugatti Atlantique, in 1938 was presented to SS Jaguar 100 Fixed Head Coupe (the CC jaguar 100 Fiksd Hed Coupet) with the covered top. It became the most expensive car from the pre-war Jaguar models (its price made ?595).
During World War II of SS Jaguar, as well as other automobile companies, I made the military equipment and I delivered cars for army. Among them — three types of trailers with a loading capacity of 254 kg, 508 kg and 6 tons. Even prior to war engineers of the company undertook development of components for bombers. With approach of 1945 Lyons realized that initials of SS discredit cars of its company as are associated with nazi Germany. In April, 1945 the SS Cars company was renamed into Jaguar Cars.
In September, 1948 presented to Jaguar the first post-war sports car — XK120. It was the roadster with the 3.4 l engine and the 160 h.p., developed especially for a big sedan Mark VII. "120" in the name of model — the expected maximum speed of the new car (193 km/h). XK120 became the fastest car in the world of post-war time. It possesses a set of high-speed records on a track of Autodrome de Montlhery (The autodrome de Montereille). In the 1950th the car was tested for 24 hours therefore average speed made 172.94 km/h, and the maximum speed reached 203.10 km/h. On tests of the The Motor magazine ("Motor") the car accelerated to 100 km/h for only 10 sec. Besides, XK120 actively participated in sports competitions. The first victory was won in 1949 in England on Route Silverstone Circuit.
The big four-door sports sedan of Jaguar Mark VII was presented in 1950 on London Motor Show. Chassis were borrowed at earlier Jaguar Mark V. But the new model differed in modern design of a body with smooth lines. The 3442 cm3 six-cylinder engine had the power of 160 h.p. Despite the impressive sizes of the car, Jaguar Mark VII dispersed to 160 km/h, and to 100 km/h for 13.7 sec. For the first time with the Jaguar Mark VII car also the slogan of the Jaguar company was presented: "Grace, Space and Pace".
1954 of Jaguar XK140 succeeds early XK120. The new sports roadster dispersed to 225 km/h thanks to the 190 h.p. advanced engine. In 1956 XK140 with automatic transmission was offered buyers. It was the first sports car of the Jaguar brand with a similar option. In the 1957th XK140 replaces new XK150 with the 3.4 l engine and with power up to 250 h.p. Were available two - and triple versions with rigid or folding top. The new car considerably differed from the predecessors. The dashboard from a nut tree consigned to the past, this material was succeeded by skin. Doors became thinner, having released more space in salon. The first XK150 versions were inferior to the predecessors in speed. But spring of 1958 all shortcomings were corrected by engineers of the company, and the 265 h.p. 3.8-liter engine accelerated the car to 97 km/h in 7 seconds. Fuel consumption was record-breaking small — 12.8 l on 100 km. At that time XK150S was the fastest car with rigid top according to the authoritative magazine "Motor".
In the 50th years Jaguar cars won popularity in the class. In the same time the company redeems Daimler Motor Company. Later, since the end of the 60th, the name of Daimler was used for the most luxury models of sedans of Jaguar.
In 1997 the car from a new model range — Jaguar XK was presented. It replaced in the XJS market. XK8 was available in versions with a body a compartment or a cabriolet, was equipped with the engine power to 370 h.p. and of 4 l or 4.2 l. The first generation of these cars was designed on the basis of the Aston Martin DB7 platform. The maximum speed of XK8 made 250 km/h that was below the maximum speed of his predecessors. Since 2007 the new generation of Jaguar XK constructed on essentially new facilitated platform of the Advanced Lightweight Coupe concept car is issued. It is equipped with the 300 h.p. 8-cylinder engine and of 4.2 l. However in 2008 XK with 3.5 258 h.p.-liter engine was presented. In 2006 Jaguar XK won a rank of the best car of year according to the authoritative magazine "Top Gear".
In 2008 the Ford Motor company is compelled to sell Jaguar together with Land Rover of the Indian corporation Tata Motors. Today Jaguar remains to one of leaders among luxury British cars. Under this brand the elite sedan and the sports versatile person X-Type, graceful and aggressive XF with the maximum power of 420 h.p., a legendary classical sedan of XJ and prompt and powerful XK with the 4.2-liter V8 engine and a body a compartment or a cabriolet are issued. Besides, since 2000 the company takes part in competitions of Formula One. Cars of this brand called the best cars of year, one of the last of this rank according to independent versions of magazines "Auto Express", "What Car?" received Jaguar XF.1 - 50 | 51 - 100 | 101 - 150 | 151 - 200 | 201 - 246
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