John Deere started his operation in a small blacksmith's shop in the United States at Grand Detour, Illinois. In a little wooden shack he designed, developed and manufactured the first successful self-scouring, polished steel plough that was to revolutionise ploughing. Previous designs would work, but not in all conditions and as cleanly as John Deere's version. The popularity of this single implement eventually transformed John Deere from a blacksmith to a major manufacturer. Although the concern built 10 ploughs in 1839, it was still a far cry from the size of the company today. As the business grew and farming changed, there were new routes to explore. In 1918 John Deere bought the manufacturer of the Waterloo Boy tractors to enter the tractor business, thus moving away from the horse-drawn plough market that was in decline, as more mechanisation graced farms worldwide. With tractor sales thriving, an engineer, Henry Dreyfuss, teamed up with the JD engineers in 1938 to produce an attractive and innovative new design to the A and B tractors.
The first dieselpowered tractor, the Model R, appeared later, in 1949, and Deere topped the market in 1963, passing International Harvester as the world's largest producer of farm and industrial tractors. However, it was the 1960s and 1970s that American-based John Deere began to really tackle the UK and European export markets, as it started manufacturing machines in Germany. First four-cylinders With the production of two-cylinder engines coming towards the end in 1960, John Deere began to develop its range of multi-cylinder tractors that were more suited to European and export demands. Built in Waterloo, the new 10 Series produced a great step forward, compared to the earlier A and B models for example, and when compared to the competition, they were probably at least 10 years ahead.
Of the smaller Lanz-based models, the 710 was probably one of the most popular of that size in the UK. The 710 produced 50hp at 2,225rpm from a four-cylinder, 3.3-litre engine and was one of the first to offer up to 10 forward and three reverse gears and a road speed of 23.7km/h. Other models in the 10 Series included the four-cylinder 2010 and 3010 plus, further up the scale, the new six-cylinder 4010 and 5010 took power levels way above anything else. Launched at the Smithfield Show, the new tractors were exactly what John Deere needed to enter the market competitively and build the reputation it was seeking. However, John Deere struggled to make many sales here, as the brand was still relatively unknown. In 1965, the 20 Series took centrestage with even more choice available and designed very much as a world tractor.
The 44hp 1020, for example, was matched to one of the best sellers, the Massey Ferguson 135. The Frenchbuilt JD engine was similar to the Perkins fitted in the 135, offering the same displacement, with comparable power and torque figures. However, the specification was vastly superior and included power steering, diff-lock, eight-speed mechanical transmission and an advanced hydraulic system. The closed-centre system used lower-link sensing that allowed quicker reaction times and more efficient operation, unlike the other manufacturers that relied on the traditional top-link sensing.
John Deere was one of the first to offer the option of a powershift transmission on its tractors, the larger 20 Series pioneered this new technology. The Waterloo-built row-crop 4020 model was a key tractor for John Deere, having sold more than 200,000 over its lifetime, it is believed 500 of these were in the UK on larger arable farms, with the majority using this new powershift. Replacing the 4010, the 4020 boasted more than 106hp from a 6.6-litre sixcylinder lump and could be fitted with a Syncro eight-forward and two-reverse manual box, or the eight-forward and four-reverse powershift. Unlike other change-on-the-move transmissions, the powershift was not a torque amplifier and was over-engineered for the tractor.
This allowed it to complete many hours of use without any major issues, helping to further strengthen the company's reputation. The 20 Series was also the first to be subjected to the new cab legislations of 1970 and saw many of the tractors offered with operator protection from firms such as Fritzmeier, Cab Craft and Duncan, for example.
Mannheim produced its first six-cylinder in 1969 with the 86hp 3120 that would fill the between the EU-produced tractors and the imported US range. In the same year, four-wheel drive became available on the 4020, which John Deere achieved using two hydrostatic motors on each hub. Known as Front-Wheel Assist, although the system worked, it was problematic and was a step backwards for the company as many finished with a sour taste for the brand. From 1970 it became available on the 64hp 2020, 72hp 2120 and 81hp 3120.
As cabbed tractors became a requirement, the launch of the Sound- Gard (SG) cab in 1972 gave John Deere the chance to release the 30 Series. With the new cab, noise levels were reduced to 85dB(A) and air conditioning became an option, the tractors received improved styling and a new Quad Range transmission.
This new gearbox gave a combination of the Syncro-Range and a Hi-Lo to achieve 16 forward speeds, while the larger models remained with the powershift. Models such as the 71hp 2030 and 79hp 2130 became popular with livestock farmers, while the 97hp 3130 didn't receive as much success. The 30 Series benefited from a two-speed PTO and increased hydraulic capacity enabling the tractors to compete again with other manufacturers. Meanwhile, further up the range, John Deere hadn't pushed its articulated models as demand was relatively small, though with more acres to cover, farmers were seeking bigger tackle.
In 1975, the articulated giants hit the UK, the 228hp 8430 and 275hp 8630 created a considerable stir with only a select few able to afford them. The 8630 was the biggest John Deere tractor built to date, powered by a 619cu in engine.
The launch of 40 Series in 1979 saw a number of advances brought to the buyer. Known as 'Schedule Masters', the range spanned from the 840 to the 3140 and there was also a Europeanassembled 4040. The popular 2130 was replaced by the 82hp 2140, that became one of the best sellers and the range was offered with various cab options such as the lower cost Operator's Protection Unit (OPU) and low-profile (LP). An improved version of the Sound- Gard followed in 1981 that reduced noise levels further to 79.5 dB(A) and the offset four-wheel drive was now centre-drive and mechanical, with a better turning circle and greater caster angle for unmatched manoeuvrability.
The '50' Series
One of the most significant launches for classic fans was the '50' Series in 1986. Featuring the SG2 cab, the 50 Series was again manufactured in Mannheim and appeared extremely similar to the 40 Series it replaced, the main cosmetic differences were more work lights and black side panels. The range consisted of seven models from the 62hp 2250 up to the fiagship 114hp 3650.
Tractors sold extremely well across the country and the design needed very few changes. The 86hp 2850 replaced the previous 82hp 2140 and took the crown as the most popular livestock tractor. But average horsepower levels were everincreasing and the 92hp 3050 and 103hp 3350 now took centre-stage as the best sellers. The main improvements to this range occurred later in production, at the beginning of 1991, with the addition of Prohytronic hitch control and electronic sensing.
These were optional on the six-cylinder models that were ordered with High-Lift and four-wheel drive. Also this year, the fiagship 3650 gained a greater specification, such as 40km/h transmission, front fenders and a new digital tachometer. The 50 series could have been considered as a 'love it' or 'hate it' affair by most users, many loved the engines and reliability that Deere gave, but others found the cabs cramped and a bit too cozy considering cab design had evolved with other brands.
By 1994 the 3050, 3350 and 3650 were all finally at the end of their respective lives, as was the SG2 cab. John Deere needed to break new ground with the replacement in late 1993. Taking over from the popular 50s, the new four-cylinder 6000 Series comprised the 90hp 6300 and 100hp 6400 and actually appeared in 1992 while the remaining 50 Series were being sold. The larger six-cylinder 110hp 6600 and 120hp 6800 arrived a year later.
The tractors used a full-frame modular design that offered greater capacity, a low overall weight, but with an increase of up to 60 per cent in payload capacity. For example, the 100hp John Deere 6400 tractor had a maximum permissible weight of 7.5 tonnes, the same as the previous equivalent horsepower 3350 High Lift model. However, its shipping weight was only 4.1 tonnes, which was 0.75 tonnes less than the 3350, and only just more than the old 86hp 2850 HL tractor - meaning payload was increased without increasing tractor weight.
This full-frame design approach led to the development of a lighter, stronger tractor with better weight distribution. In addition, front-mounted implements such as loaders or hitches attach directly to the frame, without the time and expense involved in using extra subframe assemblies. With the new concept, a total of only nine parts were carried over from the 50 Series tractor range, including the front weights, the tool box and the wheels - everything else was new, from the engines and transmissions to the hydraulics and the TechCenter cab.
Demand for basics
In June 1997, John Deere released some new, basic-specification tractors known as the 'SE' models. They were ideal for stock farms that didn't require the higher specification of the Premium models. The 84hp 6200 SE and the 100hp 6400 SE were available with a SynchroPlus 12/4 30km/h transmission, or the new 16/16 Power Reverser transmission in 30 or 40km/h versions. A load-sensing hydraulic system with a constant-fiow pump adjusted the output of the 54-litre/min pump to provide the exact fiow and pressure required.
The TechCenter cab had a new, brighter interior with a full-length roof hatch, optional air conditioning and new, fully adjustable Super Comfort seat. The optional low- profile cab brought the total height of the tractor down from 2.6m to 2.5m when fitted with 16.9 R30 tyres.
By November 1997, the complete range was due for an improvement package and all models were re-badged as '10' Series. They featured more power, with new transmissions and could be specified with the new, unique triple-link suspension system (TLS). They made their European debut in November 1997 at the Agritechnica exhibition in Germany. The new features were designed to provide easier, more comfortable operation, thereby increasing work rates and productivity. At 135hp, the 6910 in particular made its mark in Europe and was by far one of the best sellers. Available with a multiple transmission choices, the 6910 offered an excellent package for both farmers and contractors, which also led to it becoming extremely desirable on the used market, especially with collectors.
As we come up to date, John Deere has always been at the forefront of technology, especially the satellite guidance systems, as the company was one of the first to offer this option with its StarFire receiver and GreenStar displays. Despite being ahead with innovation, the company refrained from developing its engines until the last minute. To meet stringent emission regulations, manufacturers have been forced to add Selective Catalytic Reduction to their engines to reduce emissions and improve fuel efficiency; however John Deere has avoided this until only recently, allowing customers to continue using just diesel fuel and not having to also fill a separate AdBlue (urea) tank, commonly used by other manufacturers. With more than 175 years heritage, John Deere now leads the market in the United Kingdom and continues to go from strength to strength.
Agriculture requires a lot of equipments such equipments are collectively called agricultural equipments and include items like tractors, harvesters, planters and sprayers. The biggest company producing such agricultural equipments is none other than John Deere. This company is based in America however it is listed in the top agricultural equipment manufacturing company of the world. Apart from the production of agricultural equipments this company is also very famous for production of forestry equipments, construction machinery and also supplies engines of diesel.The John Deere is also moving forward with the production of equipments which are being used for the purpose of maintaining and managing lawns. The range of lawn related equipments being provided by John Deere includes lawn tractors and mowers and also the snowthrowers.The company also got a 97th ranking in Fortune 500 list of America and 190th ranking in the list of companies being ranked globally.The company’s name seems to be inspired by a deer as it contains the word Deere in its name and a deer picture in its logo. The tag line of the company seems to be a motivating one and the company seems to be progressing like a deer with great speed. The products being launched by the company can be distinguished by looking for the colors such as yellow and green.1 - 50 | 51 - 100 | 101 - 150 | 151 - 174
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