At the end of the XIX century Englishman Frederik Lanchester found idea to create the airplane but before to start such complex challenge, he considered necessary to assemble the car. In development of a car to it the younger brother – George Lanchester came to the rescue. But, having made the England's first four-wheel car with pneumotires Dunlop, Lanchester I decided to stop on production of cars.
Frederik and George appeared talented auto makers. Their first car was equipped with the single-cylinder engine which was cooled with air and was supplied with two pistons moving in an opposite direction that provided the most uniform distribution of weight and stable operation of the motor. The inlet valve was given mechanically. But the engine was weak that forced to replace it 2-cylinder. Besides, Lanchestera's brothers installed the brush carburetor allowing to work at fuel of different density. This innovation was used up to 1914. Frederik Lanchester also developed transfer of worm type which noticeably reduced losses of power. The steering became a distinctive feature of execution of the car also.
The first in a mass production started the Twin Cylinder car equipped with the 2-cylinder opposite motor with air cooling. Engine capacity made 4 liters, and power – about 12 horsepowers. In 1902 the power unit was improved by water cooling, and together with it also motor power increased to 18 "horses". The model was also equipped with a planetary 2nd or 3-staged transmission and a suspension bracket on the springs. The brake system represented a set of steel disks with copper slips which quickly failed. As a result the subsequent models had in a set and drum brakes. Collected Twin Cylinder on the spars aluminum frame strengthened by steel details. At all the technical advantages the Lanchester car of popularity didn't win.
In 1904 the Lanchester 20HP model equipped with the 4-cylinder engine with a working volume of 2,5 liters was let out. Search of original technical and constructive solutions already ended by this time as at the company financial difficulties began, and Frederik Lanchester preferred to return to the old dream – to design airplanes. George was engaged in business. In 1907 by cars established a habitual steering wheel, and by 1911 completely refused steering draft. 1906 was marked by that the first Lanchester equipped with the 38 horsepowers 6-cylinder engine was presented.
Before World War I the Sporting Forty car which production was prevented by war was developed. But in 1919 on its base the Lanchester 40HP model equipped with the 6-cylinder engine with the top camshaft was let out. The working volume of the motor made 6,2 liters, and power – 95 h.p. It was the heavy, but high-class comfortable car which could compete with Rolls-Royce 40/50HP though I didn't win the same popularity and reputation.
It should be noted the difficult technical solution realized in this model. Carefully thought over engine had the V-shapedly located valves. The cranked shaft via the vertical roller transmitted the movement through conic transfer to the top camshaft. At the same time the same roller transferred a torque to the horizontal roller to put in action mag and the water pump. Besides, the engine was equipped with one more shaft with conic transfer on the generator and a starter. All this allowed to place the power unit most compactly. Also the body – was extraordinary executed from the aluminum framework and panels welded among themselves. The sports model equipped with the 8-cylinder engine with a working volume of 4,4 liters became the last car released under the name of Lanchester. This car was made especially for participation in race in Sausport. Participation it took place, but in 1931 the company was redeemed by Daimler concern. Since then under the Lanchester trademark the changed models of Daimler generally were issued.
Next year from shops of the Lanchester company the Ten model very similar to Ford Pilot was published. The innovation – an independent forward suspension bracket was its main difference. To the middle of the 1940th years various modifications of this model were made. In 1952 the Forteen car, and then and Dauphin equipped with the 6-cylinder motor from Daimler and Hooper body was released.
In 1956 it was started in production Lanchester Sprite on which installed the 1,6 liters power unit and an automatic transmission of production of the Hobbs company. But this model was issued absolutely not for long, and after the termination of its production, in the late fifties the XX century, the Lanchester trademark stopped the existence.1 - 20
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