Lotus — the English firm specializing on production of sports and racing cars. Since 1996 belongs to Malaysian concern Proton. The firm was founded in 1953 Anthony Colin Bruce Chapmenom and carried the name "Lotus Engineering To". Well-known "Lotos-Seven" was soon created, and in 1957 its mass production began.
In 1954 there was sports "Lotus-8" for races, then easier and short model "9" followed. In 1955 Chapmen even participated in 24-hour races in Le Mans, however it was comprehended by failure — avty flew off the track.
In 1955 streamline "Lotus-11" with the four-cylinder motor (1098 cm3) 84 hp on which there began career the well-known racer Graham Hill, the two-time world champion in a formula 1 subsequently is created. At an average speed of 160 km/h of car I passed 11,5 km on one liter of fuel.
In 1982 Colin Chapmen suddenly died. He worked without rest, really very hard, and lived only fifty four years.
Having lost the ideological inspirer, the vigorous leader, the firm endured recession. However, Zh. Dyukaruzh and P. Wright designed the 99T model. The car with a double turbo-supercharging one of the first was equipped with the active suspension bracket operated by the computer. On it in 1987 young Ayrton Senna was included into the three of prize-winners of a formula 1, and the team won the third place in the Constructors championship. But further business there were all worse. "Lotus" didn't participate in a season of 1995 any more. Production of serial cars too experienced recession.
In January, 1986 the firm was got by GM concern.
In 1996 it is bought by English automobile firm Proton, as a result of it recently affairs at Lotus were on the mend: in 1997 2248 cars that is three times more, than in the 1996th were assembled. The most part of sales fell on a double roadster of Elise. Except it, in the program Lotus have one more model – Esprit which is let out since 1975 without considerable changes.1 - 50 | 51 - 100 | 101 - 150 | 151 - 166
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