Leon Nagant – the founder of the automobile company Nagant and one of the most famous armorers of the world who released the first car in 1896 at small-arms factory in the Belgian city of Liege. The first model equipped with the two-cylinder engine and developed by Raul de Mez didn't begin to be produced in lots.
And in 1899 the armorer obtained the license for production of the cars equipped with the opposite engine of the Gobron-Brillie company. With 1900 company of Nagant the factory of brothers Nagant on production of the weapon and cars" began to be called ". The armourer's brother – Maurice Nagant became the head of neogenic firm.
Soon brothers the Revolver understood that the cars made by them lose the relevance. The decision to release more perfect cars was made. Right there it was succeeded to obtain the license for production of cars of the La Locomotrice model which were initially made by the French carmaker Rochet-Schneider. This license worked approximately till 1905, 200 copies of such models were during this time let out. Upon termination of arrangement term the license didn't begin to be prolonged, and the Revolver began production of the cars. I entrusted development of the new Revolver Leon models to the engineer Ernst Valentine.
In 1906 the first models of Nagant plant developed by the German engineer were issued. It were cars 35/40CV and 20/30CV. The first was equipped with the 6,8 liters four-cylinder engine, and also the chain drive. The second became easier car with the 4,6 liters engine.
New model 14/16CV was published in 1908. The car was equipped with a 3-staged transmission, and also cardan transfer to transmissions. This year was marked also by obtaining licenses of the Nagant company by automobile building firms of France and Germany which released cars under the name of Nekhe.
Since 1911 all Nagant cars were issued with cardan transfer. In 1913 the model range of the company consisted from 10/12CV (with the engine 1,8 liters), Type 7000-I 14/16CV (with the engine about 4 liters), Type 7000-І 18/24CV (3,3 liters), Type 9000 20/28CV (with the engine about 3,8 l), Type 6000-I 24/30CV (about 4,6 liters) and Type 6000-I 30/40CV (with the engine in 5,3 liters).
In 1914 in production the new model of the Nagant car - 20/25CV which was equipped with the 4,6 liters monoblock engine was started. The same model gained development – racing option later. Sports modification of model 20/25CV had the 4,4 liters motor and two top camshafts.
During World War I Belgium was occupied, and the armorer compelled to work for the new power, but Leon Nagant refused. After return to the enterprises in 1919 the management of the company was engaged, first of all, in restoration of the production equipment which during war was taken out by invaders.
Thus, production of cars was arranged only in 1920. From all previous model range only one Nagant model - 2000, equipped with the 3 liters engine with lateral valves was let out. In a year the car was improved, new modification received the engine with the mechanism of gas distribution, and also with removable heads of blocks of cylinders. This car was issued till 1922.
Along with the modified Nagant-2000 production of absolutely new models - 10CV and 15CV which were equipped with engines in 2 and 2,2 liters respectively began. These models constantly changed, but by 1923 only the car 15CV renamed into Nagant 10OOC was issued. The model was equipped with the line four-cylinder engine with the top valves which volume made 2,1 liters. Diameter of the cylinder was close to an indicator 75 mm, a piston stroke – 120 mm. The car assembled on a spar frame had a mechanical 4-staged transmission, a suspension bracket on semielliptical springs, and also drum brakes on all wheels.
The maximum speed of Nagant 10OOC reached 95 kilometers per hour at the power of 35 horsepowers. In 1925 this car participated in race on the Big Prize Spa. Cars with the engine with a working volume up to three liters were allocated in a separate class in which competitions were held. The Nagant 10OOC models took the first two places.
In 1925 the Nagant company let out model 20CV which was presented at an automobile exhibition in Brussels. The car was equipped with the six-cylinder engine with a working volume nearly 3 liters. Let out the same model, but already with the smaller engine which volume I made nearly 2 liters a bit later.
In 1927 at a specialized exhibition the Parisian motor show was presented the car with the 1,5 liters engine with the supercharger. This model developed by engineers of Hanocq and Dewandre became the last car released by the company. Through time the Nagant firm was redeemed by the Imperia company then carried over the Belgian firm Fabrique Nationale which went in for automotive industry and production of the weapon.
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