Not absolutely truly to consider that the foundation of automobile production of the Steyr company was laid in the twenties the XX centuries, after all forty years before Josef Werndl founded factory for release of the weapon and military equipment. This fact, by the way, explains why the first models released plant bear a faint resemblance to heavy military vehicles and widely known logo of the company is stylized under a sight. In connection with decrease in need for arms, the enterprise had to look for new fields of activity, and in 1917 the sample of the first car was let out.
The legendary designer Hans Ledwinka invited by the director Alfred Shik of that time managed to arrange line production automobile and trucks and to make the worthy competition by the well-known Austro-Daimler and Puch. In three years the first full-fledged mechanism was released. In the people car got Vaffenauto's nickname (the fire car). The Steyr XII model of 1925 possessed distinctive feature – its axis was shaking.
1931 remained memorable to that Ferdinand Porsche was appointed to a position of the chief designer. In 1934 there was a merge of three giants of automotive industry therefore the Austro-Daimler-Puch AG firm specializing on production of petrol cars was formed.
World War II introduced fair amendments in development of world automotive industry. Practically all capacities were destroyed. In 1945 works on reconstruction of the enterprise began, and the engine diesel became a point of support now. However it wasn't succeeded to carry out plans, and in a year representatives of firm designed the truck with the petrol motor. At the same time release of tractors was adjusted. The engine invented by engineers of again independent firm Steyr became a prototype of the whole series of modern motors.
The cooling system was used the liquid. Initial power with one cylinder made 15 horsepowers. Wide popularity was found by the Steyr 50 model, the primogenitor Beetle to whom Porsche laid a hand. 1948 was marked by the joint activity with the Italian producer of FIAT which laid the foundation to effective cooperation. In the 50th years the car Haflinger was designed, and Pintsgauer (SUVs of a military series) is invented a bit later. With modification of models of dews and engine displacement. Forms of the car became more streamline, however, clumsiness remained: it didn't manage to the Austrians to overcome the addiction to rough forms of military trucks.
In 1956 the turbo-supercharging began to be used. Were at that time made not only trucks, but also buses. Outputs were small. The design still remained the semi-military, but with modernization of capacities and loading capacity appearance of cars was left by massiveness. By the way, the firm didn't manage to get rid of the "heavy" nature entirely. Even the Steyr 220 car all the same had rough design. Eventually, at everyone "face".
Also export of cars was adjusted. An assortment number of heavy units – tractors, vans, dump trucks was expanded. Further representatives of the company mastered release of engines with six cylinders. Sports cars were generally made.
In 1978 the latest Steyr automobile model on the basis of FIAT 126 was collected. Today's lorries have the following main characteristics: wheel formula 4x6 or 6x6, wheel base of 2,9-3,8 m, engine of six-cylinder line diesel, 320 horsepowers, 16 transfers. In 1984 the agreement with the Chinese firm CNHTC on production of trucks of a series 91 was signed. The agreement works to this day.
Despite continuous change of owners of the company, quality of assembly remains permanently good, it is firm German. Turbodiesel Steyr engines and gather on GAZA. Producers, at last, decided to give completely the talent to release of trucks, and passenger cars needed to be content only with drives for wheels of Panda, Volkswagen.
Enormous square Gelendvagen (G-class) became deification of production of firm. Developed in the military purposes, he perfectly (however, as well as all militarized cars – such is the Austrian mentality) got accustomed in Russia. The car is rather impressive and heavy, however, possesses good acceleration. The maximum speed makes about two hundred km/h, and volume of cylinders – from 3000 to 4900 cubic centimeters.1 - 50 | 51 - 72
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