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Stoewer

Brothers Emil and Bernhard Stoewer in 1897 founded the company of the name which production were motorcycles. By production of two-wheeled cars, at first brothers used the motors developed by the Cudell and De Dion companies. Practically at once the Stoewer firm started designing of three - and four-wheel cars on which installed 2-cylinder engines.

In 1901 there was a car with the 4-cylinder motor which working volume made 3 liters. Panhard was an example for design of this model. The first cars, besides, collected on a wooden frame, and the body reminded the carriage, but not a car in its current representation rather. Mercedes served as an example for the following model already. Cars gathered on steel frames now.

Stoewer R-6 which is let out in 1906 became the first independently developed model. The R-6 car which was made till 1910, was equipped with the 8,8 liters 6-cylinder motor. After this model the company showed the car with the 4-cylinder engine in 1,5 liters. A bit later more high-class car with the 2,5 liters motor was presented. In 1910 production of the Stoewer V-6 car which engine displacement made 2 liters began. The license for assembly of this model was redeemed later by the Mathis company. In 1911 the Stoewer company undertook production of aviation 6-cylinder engines which volume made 11,1 liters, on the project of the Russian engineer Boris Lutsky.

After the end of World War I at the enterprises of Stoewer firm there were many unused details for aircraft engines which according to the proposal of the engineer Lutsky began to establish on cars of the company. The Grosse Stoewer car which engine had a capacity of 120 horsepowers was quite so made. The maximum speed of model reached 180 km/h.

The world economic crisis affected and work of the Stoewer company, but, having independently coped with financial difficulties, the firm began to let out small-capacity cars. The Stoewer V-5 model equipped with the V4 motor of 1,2 liters became the first such car. It was the front-wheel car which won all attention of visitors of the Berlin automobile exhibition of 1931.

In 1934 one more front-wheel Greif model on which installed the V8 engine with a power of 55 horsepowers which volume made 2,5 liters was let out. The spring and spring suspension bracket of all wheels was independent. The car was equipped with a mechanical four-speed transmission and drum brakes on all wheels. At the power of 55 horsepowers the machine could accelerate to 115 km/h. But, despite the shown interest in the new Stoewer car, demand for it wasn't.

At the end of 1934 Bernhard Stoewer left the company – in two years after leaving of the brother Emil. The Stoewer firm after that intended to adjust mutually beneficial cooperation with Ford concern, but negotiations broke, without having yielded any results.

From 1936 to 1939 the Stoewer firm released Tatra cars under the name Greif Junior. These cars were equipped with 4-cylinder motors with air cooling of 1,5 liters. But in 1937 in production started the car of own development of Sedina with the four-cylinder engine with the top valves with a working volume of 2,4 liters. The Arkona car with the 3,6 liters six-cylinder engine became the following independently designed model.

During World War II the Stoewer company, as well as other manufacturing enterprises, collected military equipment and cars for Wehrmacht. As a result in 1944 all factory rooms were crushed by the American troops. As the factory was in the territory which after war departed under jurisdiction of Poland, the management of the Stoewer company refused reconstruction of the enterprise and recognized closing of the company.

Stoewer Greif Junior Kabrio Stoewer Greif Junior Kabrio
Stoewer Lt4 Stoewer Lt4
Stoewer R180 Spezial Stoewer R180 Spezial
Stoewer Sedina Stoewer Sedina
Stoewer Typ 40 Stoewer Typ 40
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