Toyota which is based in the Japanese city automobile building corporation Toyota Motor Corporation is one of the world's largest enterprises which work is carried out on a commercial basis. Making about 10 million cars a year, the company which is a part of Toyota industrial group possesses the staff of highly qualified specialists which professionalism allows to increase the rates of production, selling thus to 98% of production which is let out for the reporting period.
The history of the company so successful presently began at the end of the XIX century when Sakichi Toyoda invented the weaving loom of new generation. Over time Sakichi involved in commercial activity and the son ľ Kiichiro. The weaver's empire of Toyoda existed till 30th years of the XX century. Then, during the visit to Europe, Kiichiro sold the patent for the automatic transfer weaver's line invented by his father, the British company Platt Brothers for 100 000 pounds sterling.
This sum quite was enough for it in order that in 1937 to found the Toyota Motor Corporation company which had to concentrate on production of cars of which Kiichiro Toyoda so was fond. Though by then the experts employed by the businessman already conducted active works on creation of automobile engines. So in 1935 the power unit of A type was installed by cars which models received the A1 indexes (sedan) and G1 (lorry). And in a year after the basis of Toyota Motor Corporation the plant in the Japanese city of Hodosh was open.
Prompt development of the Toyota carmaker, despite world financial crisis, began after the end of World War II. In 1947 the Toyota SA model which emergence was promoted by development less rating to Toyota AA was let out. However a difficult financial position I affected activity of firm therefore restructuring was carried out and there was a Toyota Motor Sales subsidiary which was engaged in product sales. Besides, Kiichiro Toyoda resigned from himself presidential authority and went on the deserved vacation.
The beginning of the following stage of development of corporation coincided with death of her founder who died in 1952, without having already almost any relation to activity of the company. Then the numerous researches which soon allowed Toyota to enter the new markets began. Besides, in the territory of the USA the subsidiary which was engaged in realization of finished goods was founded and also there were essential changes of the model range offered buyers. In particular the legendary Land Cruiser SUV which first carried the name Toyota BJ was published.
Two years later active production of the Toyota Crown model began, and in 1957 these cars were for the first time exported to the United States of America. Next year the Toyota Corona car which received the mass of positive comments and became in the mid-sixties of the XX century the real hit in the USA was presented to the public. However by that moment the new plant of corporation located in the city of Monomachi already functioned.
After an exit from the conveyor of the million car of the Toyota brand in 1962, rates of production increased many times over. In 1967 the corporation got the Daihatsu company specializing on production of midget cars, SUVs, minivans and cargo cars. The same year the Japanese firm Hino Motors which is engaged in production of trucks and buses was a part of Toyota Motor Corporation.
In the 60th years the company presented to the public and began release of such models as Publica, Corolla, Cressida and Celica which part still is in demand (certainly, already in modern configuration). And in 1972 the management of corporation declared an exit of already 10-million car from the conveyor.
In general in the 1970th Toyota concentrated on increase in the capacities. Some plants which promoted increase in outputs were constructed. However and the company didn't forget about new models. By improvement of already existing cars and insignificant change of their design such development as Sprinter was presented, to Tercel, by Starlet, Mark II and Carina. Also other models were published, but they didn't find sufficient popularity.
Foundation of the Lexus subsidiary making cars for the American buyer became the main event of the 80th years of the XX century in the history of Toyota corporation. However before there was still the whole chain of the events reflected in activity of the company. First of all, it should be noted foundation of institute of technology in 1981, reorganization of the company in 1982, presentation of the Toyota Camry model in 1983, the beginning of coproduction of cars in the USA with General Motors corporation in 1984, and also release of a 50-million car in 1986.
Foundation of the American office of the company happened in 1988, and next year the Lexus LS400 and Lexus ES250 models were published. Besides, we unfairly forgot the new models of Toyota presented in the late eighties of the XX century: Corsa, Corolla II and Toyota 4 Runner. By that moment the Japanese corporation came nearer to leaders among carmakers, however, was still a position, far from that, which it occupies today.
In 1990 the design center of concern under the name Tokyo Design Center was open. Besides, the beginning of the 90th was marked also by foundation of other firms, participation in which activity accepted Toyota. Among them joint projects with such companies as Fujitsu, IBM Japan, Toshiba. Besides, in the same 1990 15-million Corolla descended from the conveyor, and the model range of corporation was filled up by Previa. Toyotas Celica, and also Toyota Prius were recognized as other "loud" novelties of the 90th.
By the way, Toyota Prius which is let out in 1997 became the first Japanese car equipped with the hybrid engine. Today active work on its modernization is conducted. And in the late nineties, after local success of the electric car, hybrid power units were installed on the Toyota Coaster and Toyota RAV4 model. By the way, in 2000 the new generation of the RAV4 SUV was presented, and in a year debuted in the market and Land Cruiser 100 before.
However the success of the 90th wasn't limited to it. In already mentioned 1997 the Raum model in a body a minivan was presented, a year later debuted popular Toyota Avensis now, and in 1999 ľ Toyota Yaris minicar. Besides, in 1999 Toyota noted a descent from the conveyor of the 100-million car in the history of the company.
The beginning of a new eyelid positively affected activity of corporation. In 2002 the Toyota team debuted in royal races of the class Formula One, and already later some seasons it could be among real applicants for test points and even a podium. Besides, since 2007 Toyota started delivering the engines for the Williams team.
Today active work on numerous conceptual cars, including, over electric cars is conducted. So actively pass tests of the Toyota Plug-in HV model based on the Li-on accumulator, and in 2010 the corporation plans to let out a hybrid minivan of Toyota Sienna. The sports FT-HS car, Fine-N minivan, tiny Hi-CT, and also many other cars belong to number of the conceptual models released Toyota by this moment. But developers and didn't forget about ordinary models. So in 2007 Toyota Auris created on a Corolla model platform debuted, and Land Cruiser 100 succeeded the Land Cruiser 200 car.
Several years before, in 2003, based the Scion brand which is also belonging to Toyota Motor Corporation corporation, engaged in production and sale of "youth" cars in the American market. Today the model range of Scion is made by hatchbacks of the first and second generation of xA and xB, and also a compartment of tC.
In 2007 Toyota for the first time I came out on top on outputs and by number of car sales around the world. Today for the benefit of the company nearly 300 000 people work, and the annual profit of corporation in 2007 made more than 12 billion dollars.1 - 50 | 51 - 100 | 101 - 150 | 151 - 200 | 201 - 250 | 251 - 300 | 301 - 350 | 351 - 400 | 401 - 450 | 451 - 500 | 501 - 550 | 551 - 600 | 601 - 650 | 651 - 700 | 701 - 750 | 751 - 800 | 801 - 850 | 851 - 900 | 901 - 950 | 951 - 1000 | 1001 - 1050 | 1051 - 1100 | 1101 - 1150 | 1151 - 1200 | 1201 - 1228
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