In 1857 in the small town under the name Vauxhall located on the southern coast of the Thames, the person by the name of Alexander Wilson founded the company on production of the power units intended for river crafts and tows. And already few less than in 50 years the enterprise trained for a new profession in a rank of auto maker.
In 1903 the first car of the Vauxhall Iron Works Company company was made. It was rather simple and, if I may say so, boring therefore didn't draw special attention of potential buyers. However heads of the neogenic enterprise lived dream of creation of really cool car therefore weren't going to stop.
The Vauxhall company released the Great Britain's first car equipped with the hatch on a roof. It happened in 1933. The Vauxhall-A Lisght Six model was published at once in two modifications – 12HP and 14HP. Together with them also the Big Six model equipped with the 20 unit of "horses" debuted (it was the luxury option which was issued with one of two engines – of 2,4 or 3,2 liters). By the way, the 3,2-liter Big Six 20HP option, appeared the most popular among all models of the company and was on sale in large numbers up to 1936 until production stopped.
By then cars of 1935 of release – the DY model equipped with a 12-strong cursor, and also OX (14HP) began to be in rather great demand. In 1936 there was even more powerful car of a series G – 25HP which soon became a new hit of sales. But also on it the design department didn't stop. In 1938 the H (10HP) series which technical innovations was a bearing body and a 3-staged box of gear shifting debuted. And in a year the series U representing the car, rather cheap for middle class equipped with the 1,8 liters 6-cylinder 14-strong engine was presented.
World War II took the Vauxhall company unawares in addition also on a success crest. Solvency of simple citizens considerably decreased in this connection, the enterprise had to train for a new profession on production of military equipment: Bedford trucks, tanks and guns of Churchill, and also aircraft engines of own development.
Fortunately, military operations weren't strongly reflected in further activity of the company. In 1945 the enterprise returned to a pre-war rhythm of work. Active production of cars 10HP, 12HP and 14HP of a sample of 1938-1939 which was suspended in connection with a difficult situation in the country earlier began. However after the end of war all these models absolutely successfully were made and on sale up to 1948.
The 1948th was marked by a series L debut. On its basis the Wyvem and Velox models of 1952 equipped with the 1,5 and 2,3 liters engines respectively were developed. By the way, not only the improved technical characteristics these cars, but also design, interesting and unusual for British, were famous. At first the change allowing a cowl to open aside looked rather perspective, but this design didn't please consumers in this connection, the former design was returned. Further the Wyvem and Velox models made during very long period of time practically didn't give in to changes.
1953 I presented to the enterprise two round figures. First, the million car, and secondly descended from the factory Vauxhall conveyor, for the first time for all history of the company more than 100 000 copies of a car in one calendar year were made.
The second half of the 50th brought new development despite which emergence, Wyvem and Velox continued the successful existence. In 1955 in the market the Cresta model which became an interesting choice for rich people debuted, and two more years later the Victor model car differing in the profitability thanks to which in a consequence it was extremely popular among representatives of middle class was published.
The beginning of the 60th was marked by start of effective cooperation of the modest British company Vauxhall with the monster of the German automotive industry – the Opel company which was a part of General Motors corporation. In 1964 there were first fruits of this cooperation. In the English market I debuted quite available Viva midget car equipped with the 1-liter 4-cylinder engine. And all anything and the design of the car very much reminded Opel Kadett. Though it is British didn't confuse at all.
The car turned out almost faultless, but problems with the engine because of which production of basic model stopped in 1967 were revealed over time. However also Viva cars in bodies the versatile person and an easy van were issued – they existed much more long, approximately to the middle of the 70th.
In 1971 I debuted the car copying the Viva model, but executed in a compartment body. He received the name Firenza and was issued in three options: with the 1,3, 1,6 and 2,3 liters engines. Besides, the interior of the car resembled an interior of average Opel.
Also in the first half of the 70th the new Magnum, Chevett and Cavalier models were presented, and the last was created on the basis of Opel Ascona. As the car was created within cooperation of the Vauxhall and Opel companies, its production was arranged on one of plants of the owner of Opel – General Motors, located in Belgium. Nevertheless, in a year it was transferred to Luton.
Long time the Vauxhall company was one of leaders of the British automotive industry, but in the late eighties these positions were lost. The enterprise almost completely passed under influence of General Motors corporation, and all subsequent cars were copied from Opel. Separately Vauxhall Astra of 1979 and Vauxhall Nova of 1984 which became analogs of the continental Opel Kadett and Opel Corsa models should note such models as.
On it, perhaps, the history of the nice company Vauxhall as the independent producer of cars also came to the end. Already in the mid-eighties of the XX century the enterprise became in essence assembly office of General Motors which part it is and today.1 - 50 | 51 - 100 | 101 - 150 | 151 - 189
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