Henrikh Erhard – the German armorer who in 1896 opened own automobile building factory Fahrzeugfabrik Eisenach AG in the small town of Eisenach. The company Wartburg began the activity with arrangements with other auto makers, such as the French firm Decauville which production and can be found today in the market of lorries. The contract on cooperation and with the German company BMW was signed.
The first model which received the name Wartburg, according to the name of the nearby lock, the company presented in 1898, having copied the French Decauville equipped with the single-cylinder engine with a working volume of 5 liters. The motor which power made about 3,5 horsepowers, by means of air and water was cooled. The engine was placed behind. Since 1903 the model range became more various. There were cars with the increased motor power. Now it was possible to get the car in 4; 8,5; 10 horsepowers.
In 1904 all production of automobile factory in Eisenach was renamed into Dixi – will be called so and the company later. In 1927 the DA-1 model which repeated under the terms of the license the first-ever BMW car, to be exact – Austin Seven was presented. This car also brought to the company the greatest popularity and popularity.
After World War II Thuringia, and together with it and Eisenach, departed to GDR. The Fahrzeugfabrik Eisenach AG company began to release pre-war BMW cars, but under the name of BMWs. Directly the corporation making original BMW cars was already against, but up to this point nobody terminated arrangements. Nevertheless, the brand was renamed into EMW (Eisenach Motoren Werke). In the early fifties there were cars under the name IFA which practically repeated the pre-war DKW F9 model equipped with the two-stroke 3-cylinder engine. This motor will be used and further in production of Wartburg cars.
The Wartburg-311 (1955) model which originally represented a sedan with a roundish body that was characteristic for the 1950th years became the first full independent development of the company. There were modifications with bodies a compartment, the pickup, the station wagon and even a cabriolet later. Wartburg-311 had a stable demand, as in GDR, and abroad.
In 1966 there was the following model of the Wartburg car – 353. The updated design of a body a sedan existed up to reunification of Germany. This car became the most successful among all copies released the company. In 1969 on the basis of 353 models, but with a body the station wagon, was published Wartburg Tourist. With all completions and modifications model 353 was made till 1991.
In 1984 there was the next modernization of 353 Wartburg models. On the car the same two-stroke 3-cylinder engine with a diameter of cylinder of 73,5 mm and a piston stroke of 78 mm was installed. The working volume of the motor made nearly 1 liter, power – about 50 horsepowers. The car assembled on the bearing platform with a lever and spring suspension bracket was completed with disk brakes on forward wheels and drum on the back. The maximum speed of which reached Wartburg-353W, made 130 kilometers per hour. During 1985 this model was let out in number of more than 1 million copies that showed a great demand on the car. At this time Wartburg-353W looked more modern both outside, and from within.
In 1988 the outdated engine was replaced with the production Volkswagen motor. Its working volume made 1,3 liters. As a result the updated car received the name Wartburg 1,3 – this car can still be met on roads of east Germany and even in the former republics of the USSR. But the last modernization didn't help the company to sustain the growing competition, and in the early nineties production of Wartburg cars was stopped.1 - 42
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